The Blitz refers to what is thought to be a strategic campaign of bombing by the Germans against London. It also included various over English cities from 1940 to 1941, the targets were populated areas, factories, and dockyards.
During the nightly bombing raids that happened across the United Kingdom, many people would hide & take shelter in basements or in the underground systems. Many makeshift beds were set up and shelters were normally pretty primitive conditions with barely any privacy or any sanitation conditions. Of course, Hitler’s intentions were to try to break the morale of the British people, he hoped that it would be too much pressure for Churchill. The goal was to force Churchill into negotiating with the Germans, but the complete opposite happened.
Due to the bombings, the British people were closer than ever and all came together to face a common enemy. Motivated by Churchill’s numerous public appearances and radio speeches, people became more determined than ever to hold on and defend their nation against the Nazis.
But what may come as a big surprise is the Blitz was actually a complete accident. It is true that before World War II, civilians were not normally a big target during wars. On the night of August 24, 1940, Luftwaffe bombers were flying out to destroy military buildings on the outskirts of London. Yet unfortunately, they were flying off course and did not realize it, which caused them to accidentally drop bombs on the center of London.
This was one of the first time during World War II that several homes and civilians were killed. And due to the public outrage, the British bombed Berlin the next evening. This completely stunned the Germans, especially as the Luftwaffe Chief had assured the public it would never happen. And the British continued the bombings for the next few nights. And this prompted Hitler to start the Blitz air campaign, delivering a famous speech on September 4, 1940, advising they would not stop no what matter the consequences.