The Siege Of Candia Lasted 21 Years

Jeff Glennon | March 22nd, 2019

The city of Candia which is today known as Heraklion on Crete played an important part during the Ottoman-Venetian Wars, so much so that it was besieged for over 21 years. The siege of Candia is seen by Historians as one of the longest sieges in history. It started in 1648 and did not end until 1669 before finally surrendering, the area was highly contested because Candia held a key position in the Mediterranean.

sfakia-crete.com

Of course, the goal was to have supremacy over the Mediterranean sea, which is what caused the numerous clashes between the two powers at the time: Venice and the Ottoman Empire. They had battled it out for control of the sea numerous times during the early 15th century and even during the late 16th century.

War was declared in 1644 when the Knights Hospitallers were able to loot an Ottoman ship that was carrying many of the sultan’s treasures to Constantinople. This prompted the forces of the sultan to land on Crete itself and start an invasion. They were quickly able to conquer La Canea and Rettimo and start to occupy the whole island. And this is why in 1648, they started to set their goal of conquering the city of Candia which was seen as the jewel of this region.

During a vicious 21 year siege, the Ottomans would capture numerous lands around the city and fight the Venetians on both land and water. The conflict lasting so long caused an immense expense on both Venice and the Ottoman Empire. Thousands of lives were sacrificed and huge amounts of treasure were given up in the fight for who would end up controlling Candia.

The Ottomans set up huge siege lines cutting off the city from all form of supplies, which led to the Venetians pleading with other European countries and the Pope, though this led to nothing. So the Venetians started to blockade the Ottoman’s supply routes also in different regions, and even though they won some battles, the situation at Candia did not change.

Over 40,000 Ottoman soldiers lost their lives trying to take the walls of Candia, and even though the Venetians repelled them every time: ultimately they realized the end was near with no chance of resupplying. In 1669, the city surrendered and a peace agreement was made between the Venetians and the Ottoman empire.

Next Article
  • Pig Farmers Say Marijuana Pig Feed Is Better

    Some farmers have a very interesting take on the progression of growing cannabis and the growing legalization of marijuana around the United States. Many believe it is the perfect crop to be commercialized and used in their animal feed - too keep them happy and relaxed! And well if you...

    Read More
  • Telegraph Invented Due To Heartbreak

    The inventor of the telegraph Samuel Morse had quite a tough life that was filled with numerous disappointments and this may really have been one of the reasons he ended up inventing the telegraph. Samuel Morse was born 225 years ago and is known around the world for having invented...

    Read More
  • Colorful Honey Created Naturally By Candy Eating Bees

    A couple of beekeepers in northeastern France were left scratching their heads in confusion when their bees started to produce thick blue and green honey completely naturally. The bees from their hives were found producing honey in odd shades of blue and green - something that was completely unheard of and never seen before. [caption...

    Read More
  • The Sheepdogs That Protect The Little Penguins

    On an Australian Island, there was a strong and vibrant colony of little penguins - that was until the foxes came and nearly ate them all up. Luckily for the little penguins they had a farmer on their side who decided to come up with an amazing way to protect them, in fact, it is...

    Read More
  • The Grueling Gaokao Exam Is The Toughest In The World

    China’s college entrance exam known as the Gaokao is thought to be one of the toughest examinations in the whole world. If you want a spot in one of the 2,200 Chinese universities then you need to ace your Gaokao exam. And it goes much deeper than that, sure the exam decides the university ranking...

    Read More
  • Tiny Sweat Bees Will Try To Feed Off Your Tears

    Recently doctors treating a Taiwanese woman for a swollen eye were shocked to find that she had over four little bees living in her, under her eyelid and feeding off her tears. These tiny little bees are known as sweat bees and are only around 3 millimeters long, so are small enough to fit under...

    Read More
  • Incredible Power Of The Mantis Shrimp

    Mantis shrimp have quickly become a creature championed on the internet due to the revelation of its optical superpowers. The mantis shrimp is able to see over 100,000 colors and also is able to see what is known as circularly polarized light - a capability that no other creature can do. ...

    Read More
  • The Time When Heineken Bottles Were Building Blocks

    Alfred Heineken after visited the Caribbeans in 1963 and finding the beaches littered with Heineken bottles, decided to amend his design and make the bottle's square. His aim was to allow the bottle to function as a brick also & let people use them to build homes in impoverished countries. ...

    Read More