Believe it or not, ancient trash can tell us a whole lot about the Viking diet! Garbage dumps, middens, and cesspits contain plant remains, animal bones, shells, and all kinds of things from daily life. Viking sagas also are a good resource of what they might have eaten.
Vikings enjoyed meat and sausages, such as beef, mutton, and pork. Seafood was readily available and eaten, which included whales, walruses, and seals. Bread, dairy products, fruits and vegetables were also important. They also enjoyed alcoholic beverages such as beer and mead, and even traded for wine.