3. Franklin D. Roosevelt
Franklin D. Roosevelt, or FDR, became President at the height of the Great Depression. The unemployment rate was over 20% with 13,000,000 people unemployed and almost every bank was closed.
During his first 100 days, Roosevelt proposed his “New Deal” program that sought to fix the U.S. economy by “relief, recovery and reform”. After some opposition to his first New Deal, he added some other reforms to his program including Social Security, more tax on the wealthy, new banking policies and a massive work relief program for the unemployed.
FDR was the first and only President to serve over 2 terms, having been on his 4th term as President before dying in 1945.