12. Hatshepsut (1508 BC-1458 BC)
The fifth pharaoh of Ancient Egypt, Hatshepsut was the longest reigning female leader in Egypt and was one of the most powerful and influential women in antiquity. As was common in Ancient Egypt, Hatshepsut married her half brother, but held the thrown by herself after his early death.
Hatshepsut embarked on a building spree in Egypt…historians believe that many prominent buildings were constructed during her reign. She also led her military to victories in Syria, Nubia, and the Levant, as well as explorations south of Egypt.