1. Queen Victoria (1819-1901)
Queen Victoria lent her name to an entire era in history…the Victorian Era. Throughout her reign, Victoria ruled over more than 450 million people and the largest colonial empire in history. And she reigned longer than any other British monarch…63 years. Although much of the political control in England had shifted away from the monarchy and to the British Parliament, Victoria still appointed cabinet members and ambassadors and kept a hand in the workings of Parliament.
She influenced many of the political and social reforms of her era. She supported the abolishment of slavery on all British colonies and the Factory Act that limited the work day to ten hours.