For most people if you fall down or have a minor injury it is not usually a big deal, maybe a little a painful and that’s all but this is not the case for everyone. Some individuals live in real fear of a small injury, this is known as Stone Man Syndrome. Every little injury can ingress the progression of their disease, which is very rare and only affects one in two million people worldwide. This rare syndrome is extremely destructive and slowly turns all their connective tissue like tendons, muscles, and ligaments into bone.
Literally speaking it means the patient is slowly turning into a statue. Stone Man Syndrome currently has no treatment at all but there is major research into finding a treatment for the disease. Though due to its rarity and the patient’s fragility it is an extremely difficult disease to study.
Normally in humans bones develop at the fetal stage and continue to grow, stopping at adulthood. The problem with, stone man syndrome, is bone growth never stops which leaves the patients at risk of becoming a complete bone. This allows a second skeleton to grow in their body, this process is known as heterotopic ossification. A second skeleton can actually grow over all the connective tissue and then once it is formed, it never goes away.
It was only 15 years ago that scientist finally discovered that people suffering from the disease are more at risk when receiving a small injury. Injuries to the soft tissues cause the release of the mutation that triggers the increased bone growth. Therefore patients have to be extremely careful.
As the disease progresses, patients will eventually become unable to perform simple tasks in their daily life such as cooking or bathing! With only 800 known cases, scientist fears they may never find the cure with such a limited study base.