Timothy Ray Brown known as the Berlin patient is the only known person to have been cured. The problem is no doctors actually know what part of the treatment cured him. In 2007 this was a real disappointment when doctors finally cured HIV but had no idea how they did it. And it took them 7 years, in 2014, they finally started to figure out what they had done.
A new experiment has started to shine a light on the type of treatment that is required to cure HIV. It has come down to Brown receiving bone marrow from a person who had a rare genetic mutation that was HIV resistant. Brown went into the hospital for leukemia treatment which is a cancer of the white blood cells. Initially, after the treatment, doctors thought he would never make it and he was put into a coma to allow his body to recover.
They knew that transplanting blood was the only hope so the doctors searched for a tissue match that had the rare mutation present that was HIV resistant. Soon after the blood cell transplant doctors announced he was cured. Brown stopped taking his HIV medication the next day and has been better ever since.
After several tests it was confirmed that Brown was cured of AIDS, any remnants of the virus found in his body appeared to be dead. The first person ever to be cured of AIDS, and though he has had some days where he felt weak. All in all, it appears the cure has been permanent. An amazing medical breakthrough that cancer experts around the world are hoping will lead to more methods of curing HIV, leukemia, and AIDS.
Brown has also set up an AIDS foundation in his name in hopes of helping more patients overcome the disease. In fact, just recently a man in London may actually also have been cured of HIV following the steps that cancer doctors outlined while treating Brown.
This is really creating the hope that stem cell transplants will be the way to cure patients of terrible diseases!