Known for his works in Astronomy, Galileo was a thinker that influenced a lot of different scientific fields. He is one of the best examples of how religion can undermine the truth. His brave stance to defy the church for his ideas is still respected today.
This story would play a major role in the scientific revolution that happened during the Renaissance period. He is best known for supporting that the earth revolves around the sun and that two different objects with different masses still fall at the same speed.