Melanism Nature’s Incredible Opposite Of Albinism

Samuel Reason | May 24th, 2018

Most people have heard of Albinism which is the congenital disorder that is known by the complete or partial absence of any skin pigments. The pigments are often lacking in the skin, hair, and eyes. Normally this results in white hair and pink eyes when it comes to mammals. When it comes to animals it can be very deadly as they have no protection to UV light or any form of camouflage to avoid deadly predators.

i.pinimg.com

What is less known and spoken about, due to it only existing in the Animal kingdom and not humans is Melanism. This is when the animal is completely black. The development of the dark-colored pigment melanin in the skin. This can be caused due to a genetic disorder but it is in most cases actually naturally evolved due to adaptation.

For example, the black panther is completely black because his genes adapted to become a better form of survival in their natural habitat and environment. They became fitter to survive longer and melanism enabled them to be better camouflaged.

Adaptive melanism is usually heritable and happens in species like squirrels and many felines. However, sometimes melanism is directly caused due to human pollution. One moth is known to have become completely black solely due to the amount of pollution in the air, meaning by being black the peppered moth was better camouflage.

In humans, the mutation that causes completely dark skin does not actually exist. Remember that melanin is essential to human life allowing us to create vitamin D and live healthy lives. In fact, the amount of melanin in a human has adapted related to the further away they traveled from the equator. This is due to melanin protecting our skin from harmful sunlight, so the further from the equator you live the less you need means you are naturally lighter skinned.

Next Article
  • Sundrop Farm Grows Tomatoes Without Any Fresh Water

    One project that is pioneering the world of sustainable vegetable growing is Sundrop Farms. The company operates a groundbreaking greenhouse in North Adelaide, Australia that relies solely on sunlight and seawater to grow tomatoes. The project took several years to build the infrastructure required to get the greenhouse growing and...

    Read More
  • Mantra Rays The Geniuses Of The Sea

    When it comes to the fish family, the overachiever award would have to go to the mantra ray. They are not only giants and charismatic, they are also geniuses in fish terms. Being the biggest fish, they have huge brains and even have specific sections that are developed only for...

    Read More
  • Famous Greek Philosopher Died From Eating Too Much Watermelon

    One famous philosopher and lecturer by the name of John Argyropoulos has an extremely rare cause of death. Made even more surprising when you learned he survived the sacking of Constantinople. Argyropoulos apparently died from consuming too much watermelon. Born in 1415, he was a Greek scholar who is reputed...

    Read More
  • You May Have Talked To Halle Berry Anonymously When You Had AOL

    One film star loves to have normal conversations with new people, unfortunately when you are a worldwide known celebrity this is not always possible. However, with online chat rooms readily available in this modern age, it is easy to go and talk to someone anonymously. Halle Berry was one of...

    Read More
  • Young Abraham Lincoln’s Deadly Sword Duel

    At a young age in 1842, Abraham Lincoln publicly berated by James Shields during a debate about banking in Illinois. The humiliation in public led to James Shields challenging Lincoln to a duel. This was a duel to the end, where the victor would take both the life and the pride of his opponent. [caption...

    Read More
  • Blue Java Bananas That Taste Just Like Vanilla Ice Cream

    When it comes to mother nature there is no barrier on it providing us with tasty delicious dessert flavored fruits, you don’t need to buy a tub of Ben and Jerry's every night. There is one banana that taste just like ice cream, in fact, it is nicknamed the ice cream banana. [caption id="attachment_4900" align="aligncenter"...

    Read More