Macaco Tiao The Chimpanzee Mayor Candidate

Tiao the monkey was a chimpanzee that was extremely popular during the 80s at the Rio Janeiro Zoo. And Tiao the chimpanzee was extremely popular with the children and visitors and was actually named after the city’s patron saint, Sao Sebastiao. This chimpanzee weighed around 70 kilograms and was over 1.52 meters.

en.wikipedia.org

In the 1980s Tiao became a bit of a celebrity due to his bad moods and antics, in fact, he would throw mud and feces at visitors of the zoo. And the really funny part would he would get extremely agitated and angry at politicians such as Marcello Alencar.

And then a magazine called Casseta Popular did a full cover and report of him. And this was when they also published a joking report about Tiao being a candidature for the mayor, as a protest in defense of null voting. At the time in Brazil null voting was frowned upon and did not appear as an option in the voting box, null voting is the process of going to vote but not voting for any candidates because you feel that none of the options represent your views.

At the time the voting system used written ballots so it is not known the exact number of votes that Tiao received but it was estimated to be over 400,000 votes. In fact he reached third place in the election which had over 12 candidates, and this has resulted in Tiao appearing in the book of world records as the most voted for chimpanzee. But as Tiao was never a registered candidate at all, the voting committee considered that all his votes were null.

Thus he started the movement to allow null voting in Brazil and also it could even be argued that Tiao was the cause of the change in Brazil towards electronic machines for their voting system in 1996. Electronic machines made it impossible to vote for candidates that were not on the list thus making votes for non-registered candidates impossible..

Tiao quickly became nationally famous and even saw an article written about him in the French Le Monde when he passed away at the age of 34.

Stalin Had A Secret Lab That Analysed World Leader’s Poop

Mao Zedong once famously shouted at Josef Stalin at his only meeting in Moscow that he was here for more than just eating and shitting. Stalin had kept him waiting for days in a bid to show him who the real boss was. However, it appears that records have come out that Stalin was indeed more interested in the leader’s inner workings than he let on. In fact, Stalin had a secret lab that was dedicated to analyzing a world leader’s poop.

bbci.co.uk

A Soviet agent by the name of Ivor Atamanenko has told the world how he was ordered by Stalin to follow Mao around and keep him well fed, collecting his excrement on a daily basis to be studied. The Russian scientists decided to analyze his poop to determine Mao’s state of mind. They were searching for chemicals that at the time it was believed told a person type of behavior or traits. It sounds completely crazy but there had been researching done into looking the chemicals found in someone’s poo and linking it to their mental state.

And this was not something Stalin reserved for Mao, any world leader who visited Russia at the time would have been subject to the infamous poop test. The researchers believed that a high level of brain chemicals such as amino acid tryptophan was a sign that someone would be calm and easy to deal with. Whereas if the levels were low then that would mean the opposite – there was also the level of potassium. If your potassium levels were low then it was thought you would be more nervous and could even be suffering from insomnia.

Nobody really knows the results of all these tests Stalin ordered on world leader’s poop and it is doubtful that any of the true documentation will ever surface. During the era of the soviet union and Stalin, there were many different fields of science that were followed which look strange now that we look back. It just goes to show how much of the science field was controlled by the political struggles of the time.

The Man Who Gave The World Clean Water

John Laing Leal was a doctor who lived from 1858 to 1914 and is largely responsible for having given the whole world an easy way to treat water. His technique to disinfect water using chlorine helped give the whole world an easy way to provide clean and drinkable water. This led to a much lower rate of disease and allowed populations to thrive.

journal.institut-isi.si

In fact, Leal is credited with setting up the first disinfection center of a U.S water supply using chlorine and even did it secretly for a time. Before it was eventually approved by the courts and became common practice across the globe.

After obtaining a medical degree, Leal opened a medical practice in New Jersey before setting his sights on solving the world’s problem with access to clean drinkable water. This was also because he worked in the local government as a health inspector and saw first hand the problems that dirty water could cause. Leal located numerous diseases and epidemics that happened due to dirty water being drank in homes all across the U.S. which saw him become the city’s chief sanitary advisor for the East Jersey Water Company.

As a physician, Leal knew that chlorine killed bacteria which is why he decided it would be the perfect solution to treat water. He constructed a chlorination plant by hiring George W. Fuller who was a respected sanitary engineer at the time and started to use it to treat Jersey City’s water supplies.

This led to the device being put before the justice system in 1908, where Leal defended his actions and the trial confirmed that the chloride of lime system was indeed cleaning the water correctly & adequately. Leal’s application of this type of disinfection system and its defense in the court of law, made sure that chloride systems were set up all across America to disinfect cities’ water supplies.

The Lost Cave Of The Jaguar God Has Been Found

Below the Mayan ruins of Chichen Itza in the Mexican Yucatan Peninsula, archaeologists have been steadily digging and searching for the long-sealed cave of The Jaguar God. The treasure in this cave is supposedly immeasurable, and now it seems they may finally find out with the cave being rediscovered.

sciencealert.com

A statement by Mexico’s National Institute of Anthropology states that this cave contains hundreds of long lost artifacts from the Mayan time. There are incense burners, vases and decorative plates all covered with pictures of ancient gods and other types of religious icons. It is thought that the treasure trove belongs to the network of tunnels which is referred to as the Balamku or “Jaguar God” and that this cave is one of the sacred chambers.

It is part of a city that during its peak time accommodated over millions of people and created many wonders. It is thought that this cave will have been untouched for over 1,000 years. It is most likely that the treasures and artifacts were sealed off intentionally, as it was a ritual cave. But the cave actually did have one visitor in the past millennium, as it was written about in 1966 by Victor Segovia Pinto but decided to not excavate it. In fact, for reasons still unknown, he informed local farmers to seal the entrance of the cave. And the records of his discovery even went mission, which led to it taking five decades for this mystery to be solved.

Now searchers have crawled in the caves for hours and enter claustrophobic conditions to finally find this long lost cave of Mayan history. A cave full of secrets that will help historians and anthropologists learn more about the culture of Mayan cave rituals.

And even studying the cave itself could lead to interesting facts about the site’s geology and microbiology, it may even help us understand why the major city collapsed. Potentially it was caused by climate change or a freak change of weather, which by researching the soils may let us know the answer.

The Terror That Was Balloonfest ’86

In 1986, United Way of Cleveland in Ohio decided to put together a world record by blowing up and releasing the most balloons ever: over one-and-a-half million balloons were released. Of course, the event was put together for fun and was meant to be completely harmless, it was a fundraising publicity stunt. However, the balloons did not float up into the air as intended. Weather caused them to drift back over the city, and this is when the terror that was Balloonfest started.

junglecreations.com

Millions of balloons floated back over the city, over Lake Erie and dropped to the ground all over the surrounding areas. This caused huge problems for traffic and a nearby airport. Multiple car crashes happened and the airport had to be shut down, more seriously the event even interfered with a search and request mission by the United States Coast Guard who was searching for two boaters in a lake. The boaters were later found drowned, the coast guard had been unable to reach them due to the massive amount of balloons covering the lake making it impossible to see the surface.

Consequently, the organizers and the city of Cleveland faced lawsuits in the millions of dollars for damages. In fact, the lawsuits were so bad that the cost put the whole event at a loss. The stunt was coordinated and planned by a Los Angeles based company that had done this sort of stunt before, it was known as Balloonart. They even spent six months preparing for the stunt, an immense structure of woven mesh material was put together to hold all the balloons. The idea was children sold sponsorships for charity at the price of $1 for every two balloons.

Close to 1.5 million balloons were released on 27th September 1986, normally helium-filled balloons will stay in the air long enough to become fully deflated before dropping back down to the ground. However, the millions of balloons collided with a large front of cool air and dropped to the ground still inflated. They clogged up the land and waterways of all of Northeast Ohio, with balloons even washing up on the Canadian side of Lake Erie. Hundreds of car crashes were reported as drivers were left swerving around slow-motion blizzards of multicolored orbs.

The Siege Of Candia Lasted 21 Years

The city of Candia which is today known as Heraklion on Crete played an important part during the Ottoman-Venetian Wars, so much so that it was besieged for over 21 years. The siege of Candia is seen by Historians as one of the longest sieges in history. It started in 1648 and did not end until 1669 before finally surrendering, the area was highly contested because Candia held a key position in the Mediterranean.

sfakia-crete.com

Of course, the goal was to have supremacy over the Mediterranean sea, which is what caused the numerous clashes between the two powers at the time: Venice and the Ottoman Empire. They had battled it out for control of the sea numerous times during the early 15th century and even during the late 16th century.

War was declared in 1644 when the Knights Hospitallers were able to loot an Ottoman ship that was carrying many of the sultan’s treasures to Constantinople. This prompted the forces of the sultan to land on Crete itself and start an invasion. They were quickly able to conquer La Canea and Rettimo and start to occupy the whole island. And this is why in 1648, they started to set their goal of conquering the city of Candia which was seen as the jewel of this region.

During a vicious 21 year siege, the Ottomans would capture numerous lands around the city and fight the Venetians on both land and water. The conflict lasting so long caused an immense expense on both Venice and the Ottoman Empire. Thousands of lives were sacrificed and huge amounts of treasure were given up in the fight for who would end up controlling Candia.

The Ottomans set up huge siege lines cutting off the city from all form of supplies, which led to the Venetians pleading with other European countries and the Pope, though this led to nothing. So the Venetians started to blockade the Ottoman’s supply routes also in different regions, and even though they won some battles, the situation at Candia did not change.

Over 40,000 Ottoman soldiers lost their lives trying to take the walls of Candia, and even though the Venetians repelled them every time: ultimately they realized the end was near with no chance of resupplying. In 1669, the city surrendered and a peace agreement was made between the Venetians and the Ottoman empire.

These Places Were All Abandoned Long Ago. Take a Look At Them Now

Generally, when we think of a cool vacation stop we think of lush green gardens, maid service, infinity pools, you name it. It’s not often that we think about what happens to an area when people, for some reason, stop going and it’s left alone.

Our list of abandoned places is sure to make you rethink your idea of where to go on your next vacation. It might not be your typical idea of beauty, but these places are beautiful nonetheless. It might be time to take trip to check them out.

imgur.com

The Blitz During World War II Happened By Accident

The Blitz refers to what is thought to be a strategic campaign of bombing by the Germans against London. It also included various over English cities from 1940 to 1941, the targets were populated areas, factories, and dockyards.

historyhit.com

During the nightly bombing raids that happened across the United Kingdom, many people would hide & take shelter in basements or in the underground systems. Many makeshift beds were set up and shelters were normally pretty primitive conditions with barely any privacy or any sanitation conditions. Of course, Hitler’s intentions were to try to break the morale of the British people, he hoped that it would be too much pressure for Churchill. The goal was to force Churchill into negotiating with the Germans, but the complete opposite happened.

Due to the bombings, the British people were closer than ever and all came together to face a common enemy. Motivated by Churchill’s numerous public appearances and radio speeches, people became more determined than ever to hold on and defend their nation against the Nazis.

But what may come as a big surprise is the Blitz was actually a complete accident. It is true that before World War II, civilians were not normally a big target during wars. On the night of August 24, 1940, Luftwaffe bombers were flying out to destroy military buildings on the outskirts of London. Yet unfortunately, they were flying off course and did not realize it, which caused them to accidentally drop bombs on the center of London.

This was one of the first time during World War II that several homes and civilians were killed. And due to the public outrage, the British bombed Berlin the next evening. This completely stunned the Germans, especially as the Luftwaffe Chief had assured the public it would never happen. And the British continued the bombings for the next few nights. And this prompted Hitler to start the Blitz air campaign, delivering a famous speech on September 4, 1940, advising they would not stop no what matter the consequences.

President McKinley Gave Away His Lucky Charm And Was Assassinated

Not everyone is into superstition, and even fewer people believe in lucky charms or voodoo spells. Definitely, in this modern day and age, society has a tendency to champion science over superstitious traditions that are seen as the old ways. But during 1887 when William Mckinley was a young man, lucky charms were all the rage.

mentalfloss.com

Early in his political career, he won debate after having received a red carnation boutonniere to wear during the conference. McKinley went on to win the debate and then was elected into the House of Congress. This cemented his idea that this flower was indeed a lucky charm looking over him. He began to wear it during all his election cycles, never being seen without it on an important day. And when in 1896 he won the presidential election he began to wear it all the time, even keeping a whole barrel of them in his Oval Office to gift visitors. In fact, the red carnation flower started to become a symbol of his supporters.

Sometimes though he would also even gift people the flower he was wearing, though he would immediately replace it. Because of course while not wearing the flower, McKinley believed he no longer had the lucky charm’s protection.

In 1901, a couple of months after his second term started, he was in Buffalo. There was a huge Pan-American exposition going on and to have the president visible during the conference meant a great deal to the attendees. As he was greeted by the public and talking to the crowd, he was approached by a 12-year-old girl named Myrtle Ledger.

I must give this flower to another little flower

That was President McKinley’s famous last words, he gave away his lucky charm. Just a couple of minutes later, his assassin walked up and greeted him. The president was shot twice by Leon Czolgosz and then died the following week. The scarlet coronation is now an official state symbol in Ohio after President McKinley.

The Peruvian Hospital Ship In Operation Since 1862

Yapura is a ship that was commissioned to be built in 1861 alongside its sister boat the Yavari, and she was built to be used on the Lake Titicaca. Aptly named after the Javary river that runs through the Loreto Region of Peru, this in itself is nothing special – until you learn the Yavari is still in operation today.

wikimedia.org

Constructed in the Thames Ironworks of West Ham, the boat was designed to be a combined cargo, passenger and gunboats for the Peruvian Navy. They were built in a special way that allowed them to be dismantled and shipped easily to their final destination: Lake Titicaca. This was quite an amazing act in itself as each boat was split into 2,766 pieces. This was needed as the final leg of the journey would be by mule, from Puno to the lake.

The original British contractors were able to get the boats to Puno, but the section of the journey via mules proved impossible for them and they originally gave up. And it wasn’t until 1868 that this task was resumed, finally bringing the ships to the lake. This meant the Yapura was not actually in operation on the lake until 1873.

One of the cool things about the Yapura, though today it is known as the BAP Puno, is that it still has its original steam-powered engine – which is actually fuelled by dried llama dung. The ship has actually gone through many owners, during the War of the Pacific in 1879 the Peruvian government became so poor that foreign investors were able to buy up all of Peru’s railway and lake ships.

But in 1976, Peru nationalized all these private corporations and then eventually transferred the BAP Puno back to the Peruvian Navy. It was at this time that the navy converted Yapura into a hospital ship and renamed it to BAP Puno. Pretty cool to think a boat constructed over 150 years ago, is still in operation and helping people every day.

20 Timeless Ancient Beauty Secrets Still Used Today

Have you ever wondered where beauty regimes came from? Ancient beauty regimes have been happening for thousands of years. From the Aztecs to the Egyptians and from the Greeks to Romans, ancient beauty secrets are all around us. Highlighting hair and facial masks have been circulating through the ages.

These ancient beauty secrets have been uncovered and are waiting for you to explore. Here you will find why women highlight their hair and where it all started. You will also learn about the ancient use of pearl powder and green tea. The results are endless.

www.allure.com